What is the difference between evaporated milk and condensed milk? Can I substitute one for the other?--Pat
Evaporated milk is milk from which about 60% of the water has been evaporated. Condensed milk, or sweetened condensed milk, is milk and sugar which has been heated until about 60% of the water is cooked off. Evaporated milk is also referred to as unsweetened condensed milk.
Because condensed milk contains sugar, it can not be substituted directly for evaporated milk. However, the other way around, you can substitute evaporated milk for sweetened condensed milk and add sugar. For each cup of condensed milk, use 5 fluid ounces of evaporated milk and ¾ of a cup of granulated sugar. Heat the evaporated milk and sugar together over medium heat until the sugar is dissolved completely. If your recipe says to warm the condensed milk, cool it to the desired temperature, otherwise cool to room temperature before proceeding.
You can make a substitute for evaporated milk at home by simmering regular milk. For a cup of evaporated milk, start with 2 ¼ to 2 ½ cups of whole, 2% or skim milk and cook it down.